Posts under ‘Conservation’

The Nationalism FAQ

************************************************* ** Frequently Asked Questions about: ** ** NATIONALISM ** ** ** ** Nationalism FAQ ** ** Revision 1.0 – January 20, 2014 ** ** ** ** by Brett Stevens ** ** ** ** ** ************************************************* Introduction Nationalism, or the idea that the nation is described by ethnic group and its culture, contrasts the […]


2013 was a wrecking ball for global warming. Avoiding the obvious symbolic incidents such as colder weather, as we look into the climate changer claims none of them seem to be working out. Further, the changers are revising their models. As someone who formerly trusted media to tell me what was right and to tell […]

When animals attack!

As satisfying as it is to see a man triumph by calculating his position, adapting to his surroundings and conquering it through logic, it is equally satisfying to see a fool miscalculate, over step his boundaries, and suffer the violent consequences of the untamed wild. This is cosmic justice. This is why it is better […]

Figure 7 from The Race FAQ by John Goodrum

Fig. 7.  From Templeton, A.R. 1998. Human races: An evolutionary and genetic perspective. American Anthropologist 100:634.

Subspecies and Classification

Subspecies and Classification Smith, H., Chiszar, D., and Montanucci, R. 1997.  Herpetological Review 28(1):13-16   We regard species as genetically discrete (i.e., separate and independent) populational entities, whereas subspecies are taken as genetically non-discrete (confluent) populational entities. That distinction we regard as axiomatic despite arguments to the contrary (e.g., Barton and Hewitt 1985). The non-discrete […]

Figure 6 from The Race FAQ by John Goodrum

Fig. 6.  From Cavalli-Sforza, LL., Menozzi, P., Piazza, A. 1994. The History and Geography of Human Genes.  Princeton University Press, Princeton. p82.

Figure 4 from The Race FAQ by John Goodrum

Fig. 4. From Nei, M. and Roychoudhury, A. 1993. Evolutionary Relationships of Human Populations on a Global Scale.  Molecular Biology and Evolution 10(5):927-943. Fig. 5.  From Bowcock. A.M., Ruiz-Linares, A., Tomfohrde, J., Minch, E., Kidd, J.R., Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. 1994. High resolution of human evolutionary trees with polymorphic microsatellites. Nature 368:455-457.

Figure 2 from The Race FAQ by John Goodrum

Fig. 2.  From Barbujani, G., Magagni, A., Minch, E., Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. 1997. An apportionment of human DNA diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 94: 4516–4519. Fig. 3.  From Jorde, L.B., Watkins, W.S., Bamshad, M.J., Dixon, M.E., Ricker, C.E., Seielstad, M.T., Batzer, M A. 2000. The Distribution of Human Genetic Diversity: A Comparison of […]

Figure 1 from The Race FAQ by John Goodrum

Fig.1.  Miththapala, S., Seidensticker, J., O’Brien, S.J. 1996.  Phylogeographic Subspecies Recognition in Leopards (Panthera pardus): Molecular Genetic Variation.  Conservation Biology 10:1115-1132.

The Race Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Q.) by John Goodrum

The Race FAQ by John Goodrum Do biological races exist within the human species?  If scientific terms are to be used consistently, this question can only be answered in the broader context of non-human taxonomy.  The intent of this paper is to investigate what constitutes a race (or subspecies) in other species, and to answer […]

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